Backlog Grooming

Ayush Jangra
Ayush Jangra
Updated on

Backlog grooming, also known as backlog refinement, is a vital practice in agile product development. It involves regularly reviewing and refining the product backlog to ensure that it is well-organized, prioritized, & contains the necessary details for implementation.

In this article, we will delve into the definition of Backlog Grooming, explore its benefits, and share some best practices to help your team get the most out of this essential process.

What is backlog grooming?

Backlog Grooming, also known as backlog refinement or story time, is an ongoing process in which the product owner and the development team assess, prioritize, and refine the items on the product backlog. This process ensures that the most important tasks are tackled first and that the backlog remains organized and manageable.

It involves working with your team to review each feature on the backlog and decide which ones are most important for development now, so your team can make sure they're working on what matters most.

Key Components of Backlog Grooming

There are several key components of Backlog Grooming that help teams achieve a well-structured and prioritized backlog:

  1. Reviewing and prioritizing items: The product owner and the development team assess the importance of each item on the backlog, prioritizing them based on factors such as customer needs, business value, and technical feasibility.

  2. Estimating effort: The development team provides estimates for how much effort each item will require, helping the product owner make informed decisions about which tasks should be prioritized.

  3. Breaking down large items: Large, complex items are often difficult to estimate and prioritize. By breaking them down into smaller, more manageable tasks, the team can better understand the effort required and prioritize accordingly.

What are the different types of backlog?

There are several different types of backlogs, including:

1. Product backlog

A list of all the work to be done in a project, ordered by priority. It also includes an estimation of how long each item will take to complete. The product backlog is a list of all the features, enhancements, and bug fixes that need to be done on your website or app. It's called the "product" backlog because it's typically just for one product or application at a time.

2. Design backlog

The design backlog contains all the UI/UX designs needed for each feature on your website or app. Typically, this will include wireframes or low-fidelity mockups of each screen and page so that developers know what they're working with when they start building.

3. Release backlog

The release backlog is made up of all the tasks that need to be completed before you can launch a new feature or update your website or app. This type of backlog is often referred to as an "enhancement" backlog because its purpose is not just for bug fixes it also includes adding new features and making changes to existing ones.

4. Development backlog

The development backlog is the set of tasks that developers will complete to build your product. This type of backlog usually includes many more details than a release backlog, which makes it easier for developers to work from when they begin building features.

What are the Benefits of Backlog Grooming?

Backlog Grooming offers a range of benefits to Agile teams, including:

Improved Prioritization

By regularly reviewing and prioritizing items on the backlog, teams can ensure that they are always working on the most important tasks. This helps to deliver maximum value to customers and stakeholders, keeps the team focused on high-impact work, and prevents the accumulation of low-priority items that might otherwise consume valuable resources.

Reduced Ambiguity

Backlog Grooming provides an opportunity for the product owner and the development team to discuss each item in detail, clarifying any ambiguities and ensuring that everyone has a shared understanding of the work involved. This reduces the likelihood of misunderstandings and wasted effort, while also promoting a collaborative team environment where everyone is on the same page.

Increased Efficiency

With a well-groomed backlog, the development team can better estimate the effort required for each task and allocate resources more effectively. This helps to streamline the development process, ensure that work is completed as efficiently as possible, and minimize potential bottlenecks or delays in the project timeline.

Enhanced Quality

During Backlog Grooming sessions, the team can identify potential risks, dependencies, and areas for improvement, leading to higher-quality deliverables. By addressing these issues early in the development process, teams can proactively address challenges and maintain a higher standard of work throughout the project.

Enhanced Communication and Collaboration

Backlog grooming sessions provide an opportunity for the product manager, development team, and stakeholders to collaborate, clarify requirements, and discuss implementation details. This promotes effective communication and alignment among the team members, leading to better collaboration and a shared understanding of the product vision

Reduced Waste

By continuously refining the backlog, teams can identify and eliminate unnecessary or low-value items, reducing waste and preventing resource and time constraints. This streamlining of the backlog keeps the focus on delivering the highest-value features

Adaptability to Change

Backlog grooming enables teams to respond to change more effectively. As new information, customer feedback, or market conditions emerge, the backlog can be adjusted and reprioritized accordingly to ensure the product remains aligned with evolving needs and goals

Improved Team Morale

A well-maintained backlog contributes to a positive team atmosphere, as it demonstrates that the team is organized, disciplined, and committed to continuous improvement. This can lead to increased motivation, job satisfaction, and overall team morale, ultimately resulting in better performance and higher-quality outcomes.

By harnessing these benefits, backlog grooming helps product teams maintain a well-managed, prioritized, and adaptable backlog, paving the way for successful product development and delivery.

What are the Best Practices for Backlog Grooming

Now that we understand the importance of Backlog Grooming, let's explore some best practices to help your team get the most out of the backlog grooming process:

  1. Schedule regular grooming sessions: Backlog Grooming should be an ongoing process, with regular meetings scheduled to review and prioritize items. This helps to keep the backlog up-to-date and prevents it from becoming unwieldy.

  2. Involve the entire team: While the product owner and the development team play key roles in Backlog Grooming, it's important to involve all team members in the process. This helps to ensure a shared understanding of the work involved and fosters a sense of ownership and accountability.

  3. Refine User Stories: Break down user stories into smaller, well-defined tasks or sub-stories during backlog grooming. This helps in better estimation, planning, and implementation. Ensure that user stories are clear, concise, and contain sufficient details for the development team to work on them effectively.

  4. Be prepared: Before each grooming session, the product owner should review the backlog and identify any items that need clarification or additional information. This will help to make the grooming session more efficient and productive.

  5. Keep it focused: Backlog Grooming meetings should be focused on reviewing and prioritizing items, not solving problems or discussing implementation details. If deeper discussions are needed, schedule separate meetings to address those issues.

  6. Clear and Defined Goals: Set clear goals for backlog grooming sessions to provide focus and direction. These goals can include refining user stories, estimating effort, prioritizing features, and ensuring the backlog is ready for the next sprint.

  7. Maintain an Organized Backlog: Keep the backlog well-organized and structured to easily identify and prioritize user stories. Use techniques like user story mapping or categorizing backlog items based on themes or features to improve visibility and maintain a clear backlog.

  8. Prioritization and Value-based Ordering: Prioritize backlog items based on their value, impact, and alignment with business goals. Use feature prioritization techniques like MoSCoW prioritization or the Value-Effort Matrix to ensure that the most valuable and important user stories are at the top of the backlog.

By following these best practices, teams can ensure that backlog grooming sessions are productive and collaborative, and yield a well-organized backlog that aligns with the product goals and delivers value to the customers.

How to improve the backlog grooming process?

Good product teams are always looking for ways to improve their processes. One of the best ways to do this is by grooming your backlog or prioritizing and organizing your ideas into a set of manageable tasks.

Here are some tips for how you can improve your own backlogs:

1. Review your past sprints

Look at what you've completed in previous sprints, and make sure those items are reflected in your current backlog. If something was left off because it wasn't finished or is no longer relevant, remove it from the list!

2. Create user stories

Create short stories about your users that describe what they want or need from your product (this can be done collaboratively with members of your team). This will help you identify what's truly valuable to customers so that you know what items should be included in the product backlog.

3. Break down user stories into tasks

Once you've created your user stories, break them down into small, actionable tasks. This can be done by asking questions like:

  • What needs to happen?

  • Who's responsible for completing the task?

  • When should it be done?

  • How will we know when it's finished?

4. Prioritize your backlog

Now that you have a list of items in your product backlog, prioritize them based on what will benefit users the most. You can use a method like MoSCoW prioritization or the Eisenhower Decision Matrix to help you decide what should be done first.

5. Create a backlog refinement meeting

Once your product backlog is prioritized, bring stakeholders together for an initial discussion about what needs to be done next. This will help ensure that everyone is on the same page when it comes to product development.

As you can imagine, with this kind of system in place, there are several ways for things to go wrong:

  • The task isn't actually something that needs doing it's just something someone thought would be cool or fun.

  • The task has been completed but still remains in the backlog because no one knows what should come next.

  • The task isn't really important enough to warrant prioritization over other tasks, so it gets pushed back until later (or never).

These issues can cause problems when trying to get work done efficiently and effectively. The first step toward fixing them is through backlog grooming, a process where all members of your team meet periodically during which they discuss their backlogs and decide what to work on next.

The backlog grooming process is not only useful for improving your team's focus, but it's also an opportunity for you and other leaders in your organization to learn more about what people are doing and how they're working together.

What are the advantages of backlog grooming?

By regularly engaging in backlog grooming, teams can experience several advantages that contribute to more efficient and effective product development. The advantages of backlog grooming include:

Better Resource Allocation

Through the process of backlog grooming, teams can gain a deeper understanding of the effort required for each task. This knowledge allows for better allocation of resources, ensuring that the right people are working on the right tasks at the right time.

Increased Transparency and Visibility

Backlog grooming provides an opportunity for all team members to stay informed about the current status of items on the backlog. This increased transparency helps maintain a clear view of progress, priorities, and any potential obstacles or dependencies.

Streamlined Sprint Planning

With a well-groomed backlog in place, sprint planning becomes much more efficient. The team can quickly identify high-priority items to be included in upcoming sprints, reducing time spent on discussions and debates during planning sessions.

Accelerated Decision-Making

As teams continuously refine their backlogs and prioritize items based on value and importance, decision-making becomes faster and more streamlined. This agility enables teams to adapt to changing circumstances and respond effectively to new information or feedback.

Enhanced Stakeholder Engagement

Backlog grooming encourages active engagement from stakeholders by providing regular opportunities for input and feedback. This involvement ensures that stakeholder expectations are aligned with product goals, ultimately leading to higher satisfaction levels upon product delivery.

Early Identification of Risks and Issues

During backlog grooming sessions, teams can proactively identify potential risks, issues, or dependencies associated with specific tasks or features. By addressing these concerns early in the development process, teams can mitigate risks more effectively and avoid costly delays down the line.

Continuous Improvement

Backlog grooming promotes a culture of continuous improvement within product development teams. As they review and refine their backlogs regularly, teams become more adept at identifying areas for enhancement – not only in the backlog itself but also in their development processes and practices.

By embracing these advantages, teams can leverage backlog grooming as a powerful tool for optimizing product development efforts, ensuring that they consistently deliver high-quality products that meet customer needs and expectations.

When should backlog grooming occur in Agile?

As a rule of thumb, you should groom your backlog at least once a quarter. This ensures that any work that’s been missed or hasn’t been completed is brought back into focus before it becomes too far off-track.

You can also hold regular grooming sessions every two weeks if you find your team is having trouble staying on task.

The key is to create a solid plan for your backlog, and then follow it as closely as possible. By grooming your backlog regularly, you can ensure that all of the work gets done and that projects are completed on time without losing sight of the big picture.

What are the backlog grooming meeting deliverables?

The product backlog grooming meeting is a crucial part of the Scrum and agile process. The goal of this meeting is to ensure that the team's product backlog is always up to date, organized, and ready to be worked on.

This can be a challenging task, as there are many different types of product backlogs, so it's important for teams and companies to figure out what works best for them.

Some common deliverables from this meeting include:

  • A clearer understanding of what's in the product backlog

  • An inventory of items that need to be taken care of or removed from the product backlog

  • A prioritized list of features that need attention immediately

How long should a backlog refinement meeting be?

The answer is… it depends.

In fact, it depends on a lot of things. The size of your team and organization, the complexity of your product, and how much time you have to devote to backlog grooming all of these things affect how long your backlog refinement sessions should be.

But if you're looking for some general guidance related to this question, here are some tips:

  • Smaller teams should dedicate 15 minutes per week per team member to backlog grooming. This is a good starting point for teams with fewer than 10 members. If you have more than 10 people on your team, or if you have very large projects that take longer to complete, consider dedicating 20 minutes per week per team member instead.

  • Larger teams (those with more than 20 members) should dedicate 30 minutes per week per team member for backlog grooming time. If your project is especially complex or requires more planning time than usual, consider dedicating 40 minutes per week per member instead.

There are a few reasons why you might want to run longer meetings:

  • If there are people who aren't usually on the call who want to pitch in and help

  • If you're making big changes to the backlog that could have unintended consequences

  • If you need to hire people or buy software for this project, which can take time

If you're using Scrum or Agile methodologies, then your backlog refinement meetings should be somewhere between 15-30 minutes. In this case, you'll want to schedule them more frequently perhaps once every week or two weeks to ensure that you're keeping up with any changes that need to be made.

If you're using traditional software development methodologies (such as waterfall methodology), then you may want to schedule your backlog refinement meetings once every two weeks. This way, everyone has enough time to work on their tasks before coming together again.


In conclusion, backlog grooming is an essential practice for Agile and Scrum teams to ensure that their product backlog stays organized, prioritized, and aligned with project goals. By regularly engaging in backlog grooming sessions and following best practices, teams can reap numerous benefits such as improved prioritization, reduced ambiguity, increased efficiency, enhanced quality, and better adaptability to change.

By fostering a culture of continuous improvement and collaboration through backlog grooming efforts, teams can effectively streamline their development processes and deliver high-quality products that meet customer needs and expectations. So make sure to invest time in refining your team's backlog management strategies – it will pay off in the long run by enhancing your team's performance and overall success.


How does the product manager help with backlogs?

The product manager is an essential part of the scrum or agile product team. They are responsible for prioritizing features and releases, as well as communicating with the customer in order to identify and solve problems.

They also help with backlog grooming, which is when the team works together to organize and prioritize their ideas for new features. This process involves making sure each idea has a set of criteria that will help measure its success or failure.

By working together with their development team, they can create a clear picture of what needs to be done and when it needs to happen.

Who grooms the backlog in agile development?

A product owner can create a release backlog from user stories, bugs, and other issues. The product owner may then prioritize this list based on business goals or customer requests.

A scrum master might create an issues list by asking team members if they have any problems with the current product or service. The team then prioritizes which issues should be addressed first and why.

There are many ways to groom your backlogs:

You can use a Kanban board to visually track your work

You can use a product roadmap to show what features are planned for future releases

You can use user stories, short descriptions of specific things users want to do with your product or service, to describe the requirements in more detail.

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